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Top Reasons that why Rajasthan is a Desert – Travel Places India

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No Moisture with inside the North-East Monsoon Winds

The western part of Rajasthan lies inside the path of the Trade winds. This area lies inside the belt of alternate winds which blow from the Northeast inside the Northern Hemisphere.

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We can say that those winds with moisture in it after getting into the Indian sub-continent, blows from the path of East to West. This is the North-East Monsoon Wind.

The phenomenon is that excessive hills and mountains motive precipitation of the moisture inside the clouds. And, we realize that Northeastern a part of India could be very hilly.

Thus, while the wind enters India and starts flowing it meets the excessive hills, mountains of the Northeastern aspect and so the air rises and cools.

As a result, the water vapor inside the air condenses and rainfall occurs.

By the time they arrive at the Thar Desert inside the West aspect of India, that they’d misplaced almost all of their moisture inflicting very little rain inside the area.

Thus, Western Rajasthan is a desert.

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The Aravalli Ranges aren’t blockading the South-West Monsoon winds

We understand that, In India, the “Thar Desert” extends in the direction of the southern part of Haryana, Punjab, and Northern Gujrat constituting the entire western Rajasthan.

In Rajasthan especially, this wasteland is bounded through the Sutlej River inside the northwest, the Aravalli Mountains inside the east, and the salty marshland of the Rann of Kutch inside the south, and the Indus River inside the west.

The panorama right here we are able to remember is the Aravalli mountains to specially recognize this Reason #2.

Yes, you’ve got to study it right! The western part of Rajasthan is bounded through the Aravalli mountain variety inside the Eastside.

The Aravalli Range is a mountain variety in Northwestern India, walking about 692 km in a southwest path, beginning close to Delhi, passing thru southern Haryana and Rajasthan (sure Rajasthan!), and finishing in Gujarat.

The maximum height is Guru Shikhar that is 1,722 meters (5,650 ft.) high.

There is every other sort of Trade wind coming from the Indian Ocean in the direction of the Southwest facet of India.

As the wind blows from water to land, it’s far wet and brings quite a little rain. The wind is called South-West Monsoon Wind.

And moreover, the Aravalli Mountain in Rajasthan is located parallel and away from the winding path which isn’t obstructing the southwest monsoon wind and thereby inflicting no orographic rainfall.

These Aravalli degrees aren’t blockading the South-West Monsoon winds which convey the moisture. They are parallel to the path of the cloud movement.

As a result, little to no rainfall takes place inside the Western part of Rajasthan, therefore inflicting the formation of a wasteland at the West facet of the state.

The Epic Story of Ramayana

This purpose is greater of a legend story. It’s now no longer scientifically demonstrated however you’ll locate it inside the books of the Indian Mythology, mainly inside the Epic Ramayana.

Accordingly, it’s far stated that approximately 10,000 years ago, the present-day Thar Desert located inside the Western part of Rajasthan turned into a lush-inexperienced and fertile land.

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During the one’s days, the Sarasvati River might path thru the Thar Desert on its manner to the Indian Ocean.

Legends say that Lord Rama for the duration of his exile inside the forest created the Thar Desert.

It turned into the time whilst he turned into looking for his partner Sita. Rama needed to move the Indian Ocean from today’s Rameshwaram in Tamil Nadu, India to attain Lanka (present-day Sri Lanka).

During the one’s days, it turned into now no longer so smooth to move this kind of massive ocean just like the Indian Ocean. So, he prepared payers to make a miracle happen.

He prayed to the sea deity for multiple days in order that the seawater may want to subside and pave a manner for Rama and his navy to march on closer to Lanka.

The deity overlooked his humble prayers and didn’t even seem earlier than Rama. This raged Rama, and he released his effective Archer Bow to dry up the whole ocean.

During one’s times, such kind of extraordinary powers turned into feasible as legends say.

Anticipating his cease turned into near, the sea deity supplied himself earlier than Rama and pleaded for mercy.

He recommended the proper path to clear up Rama’s problem, and for the reason, that divine weapon couldn’t cross in useless as soon as summoned, the sea deity asked Rama to launch the weapon closer to his north wherein an area referred to as Drumatulya is located.

Drumatulya turned into the present-day Thar Desert.

Rama normal his humble prayers and centered his bow closer to the region referred to as Drumatulya (present-day Thar Desert) which sooner or later dried up the complete Sarasvati River flowing thru that location and inflicting the formation of a barren region inside the Western part of Rajasthan.

Drying up of the Ghaggar-Hakra River

This purpose quite disregards Reason #three of the Epic Story of Ramayana.

It indicates that there has been no such Sarasvati River flowing via the Thar Desert as soon as upon a time.

In fact, it became the Ghaggar-Hakra River that flowed via this region. The Ghaggar-Hakra River is an intermittent (temporary) river in India and Pakistan that flows simplest for the duration of the monsoon season.

Paleo channel portions of proof display the presence of this river. A paleochannel, or paleochannel, is a remnant of an inactive river or circulate channel that has been crammed or buried through more youthful sediment.

This idea cum. purpose states that the region grew to become to desolate tract fairly recently, possibly around 2000 – 1500 BC. Around this time the Ghaggar-Hakra ceased to be a primary river however now, it has emerged as an intermittent one.

It now terminates inside the desolate tract however at one time became a water supply for the Indus Valley Civilization center of Mohenjodaro.

It has been located via faraway sensing strategies that Late Quaternary climatic adjustments and Plate Tectonics Theory (neotectonics) have performed a considerable position in enhancing the drainage publications on this element and a massive variety of paleochannels exist displaying the portions of proof.

Latest research display that each Sutlej and Yamuna rivers as soon as flowed and linked the Ghaggar-Hakra river and for that reason added lush greenery to the contemporary Thar Desert.

It has been postulated that the Sutlej became the primary tributary of the Ghaggar and that subsequently, the tectonic moves would possibly have pressured the Sutlej westwards, the Yamuna eastwards, and for that reason dried up the Ghaggar-Hakra.

And, now the river route has been modified over the route of records and this had resulted with inside the formation of the Thar Desert with inside the Western part of Rajasthan.

Final Words

Yes, the western part of the Rajasthan kingdom of India is a wasteland this is protected through the Thar Desert of India.

This western wasteland element kind of constitutes approximately 70% of the full land vicinity of Rajasthan.

The western Rajasthan is the handiest wasteland due to the fact the entire vicinity masking the Thar wasteland is seriously dry, very warm in summer, and is normally intensely negative in vegetation.

It falls beneath Neath the Western Sandy plains department of Rajasthan which absolutely falls beneath Neath the Arid and a chunk of Semi-Arid Climatic Zones of India.

This wasteland vicinity is characterized by very scarce herbal sources and inhospitable, extraordinarily warm weather in the course of the year.

There, rainfall varies from much less than one hundred mm to four hundred mm and is quite erratic and unpredictable.


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Last Updated: November 12, 2021

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